Corpus : UYGHURS/Ouïgours du Xinjiang, Chine (et diaspora en Ouzbékistan et Kirghizstan).

Title
UYGHURS/Ouïgours du Xinjiang, Chine (et diaspora en Ouzbékistan et Kirghizstan).
Description
Enregistrements sonores de musiques Ouïgours (Xinjiang - Chine, Ouzbékistan, Kirghizstan) déposés par Jean During, comprenant les répertoires "Muqam de Kashgar" (Urumqi, Yarken,Tashkent), "Muqam de Turpan" (Lukchun), , "Muqam" ou Suites de Qumul, "Muqam" des Dolan, Suites de Ili et chansons diverses. Le corpus regroupe des enregistrements de terrain effectués par Jean During ainsi que des copies numériques de publications distribuées localement (à préciser).
Code
CNRSMH_During_004
Recording year (from)
1970
Recording year (until)
2011
Total available duration
55:41:25
Fonds
Fonds Jean During (en cours de traitement)

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Collections

Title Digitized Description Code
Uyghurs.Turpan 11 muqam. Canonic version
Répertoire canonique intégral des 11 muqam de Turfan (Turpan). Copie de CDs non commercialisés réalisés par des instances officielles du Xinjiang, CNRSMH_E_2020_002_001
Uyghurs. Kashgar 12 MUQAM. Canonic version
Copie d'un rare coffret de 24 CDs produits en Chine et publié en 2002 : "Uyghur On Ikki muqam". Publié par The People's Government of the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China. Sous la direction du Bureau de la Radio-Télévision de la Région Autonome Ouïghoure du Xinjiang. CNRSMH_E_2020_003_001
Uyghurs. 12 muqam. Ili canonic version
Copy of eleven 33 rpm records (Tashkent 1982-1986) of the Ili 12 muqam (Onikki muqam) repertoire. The Onikki muqam was imported from Kashgar to Ili province at the beginning of the 20th century. The Ili version is a variant of the Kashgar one, but it lacks the important Chong naghme section. So it has only 3 sections: 1) muqaddima/bash muqam, 3) dastan naghme-s, 4) meshrep-s. The musicians of the Tashkent Ensemble were all from Xinjiang. CNRSMH_E_2020_004_001
Uyghurs. Traditions des MUQAM ouïgours
The main traditions of Uighur Muqam are: 1) The Onikki Muqam or (12 muqam-s) from Kashgar and Yarkand, also played in Kucha and Urumqi. This is the most officially supported canonical repertoire. It has affinities with the classical traditions of Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kashmir. It is basically heptatonic and differs from the repertoires of the Dolans, of Ili and Qumul, though melodies of different origins circulate currently all around the Uighur space. 2) The Turfan Muqam, shares many features with the Onikki Muqam, but among its 11 suites, some have specific names (Saba, Dolan Mushawark, Kohne Chabbiyat) 3) The Dolan muqam-s, are very different from the previous ones. These are 9 short suites of songs based on hexatonic scale and accompanied in a somewhat heterophonic way. 4) The Muqam of Qumul (Hami) north-east of Xinjiang. It is a specific tradition, with its pentatonic modes, its five-beat rhythms and the use of a particular fiddle. So far no recording of this tradition has been published outside China, except one in Iran (Mahoor Institute). 5) Ili Leylun Suites in the northwest area, which are basically pentatonic. The structure of the Ili suites has similarities with the Qumul ones. On a maqamic point of view the Dolan, Qumul and Ili are only Suites of songs in different rythms (usul), with a non measured introduction. CNRSMH_I_2019_044
Uyghurs. Chansons ouïgour et pièces diverses
CNRSMH_I_2019_046